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Denim Fabric

Posted by Fabrics Galore on

indigo denim fabric

 

Denim is an incredibly versatile material, where there are over 24 different identified types for you to choose from - including chambray denim to heavyweight denim and different washes like stonewash. There are also different colour denim fabrics like light blue, grey and pink, all of which are available on the Fabrics Galore website. What type of denim fabric you choose is completely dependent on your own preferences and what sewing project you are looking to undertake. 

What is selvedge denim fabric?

Here at Fabrics Galore, one of our most popular types of denim fabric we have available is red selvedge, an indigo-dyed classic jean weight denim which is quite structured and stiff. Its name refers to the narrow, tightly woven band on both edges of the denim fabric, being originally known as 'self-edge'. The band prevents the edge of the denim from fraying and provides a distinctive finished edge to the fabric and a higher quality look to the denim garment. 

The difference between selvedge and non-selvedge fabrics is all a matter of how the weft yarn is placed into the fabric. This classic jean weight denim is manufactured by using a slower more traditional process, on smaller shuttle looms. 

Where does the term ‘indigo denim’ originate?

Indigo blue is most often the colour associated with denim jeans. It is among the oldest dyes to be used in textile dyeing and responsible for the iconic deep, rich blue hue which we all know and love.  

Modern denim is dyed with synthetic indigo, dried many times over to get a stronger colour that will not fade quickly. Whereas, originally, the colour indigo was obtained from a naturally occurring blue plant dye extracted from the leaves of plants. This was a very expensive process, as blue dyes were rare and plant-based dyes are particularly difficult to set. This genuine indigo is still being used, but the synthetic dye is mainly replacing this because of its low cost and availability.

What is stonewashed denim fabric? 

Stonewashed fabric is incredibly popular, and this style is actually achieved through a specialist, textile manufacturing process. It involves placing the denim in large industrial machines, tumbling the fabric with large stones repeatedly to create a faded or “distressed” look. As the denim tumbles and turns in the rotating drum, it beats the fabric, creating a worn-in look which was first seen as early as the 1950s.  

Stone-washing also helps to increase the softness and flexibility of the material, compared to traditional denim jeans which are sometimes rough and tough, whereas stonewashed jeans are always more comfortable to wear. 

Would you like to purchase some denim fabric? 

Across the Fabrics Galore website, we have an extensive range of stretch and non-stretch denim fabric options for you - including dark indigo blue, and pale blue varieties. No matter whether you are trying to find selvedge denim fabric or stonewashed denim - we will be able to help you. 


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